The purpose of this article is to elicit thought. There are many quotes that I feel this best explains my readings of all the studies I am sharing with you. Our goal is to become better coaches!
Below are a few concepts to consider while planning your workouts.
Swim Techniques at Race Pace
- Stroke efficiency is developed for the pace at which training is performed as discussed in previous newsletters. To improve race performances, stroke efficiency must be improved and swum at race pace to achieve the best training effect.
- Stroke rates at practice must match stroke rates needed to achieve race pace times in a meet. “Hard extended swimming that accumulates lactate does not accommodate the learning of the skilled movement patterns associated with the effort’s velocity.”
- Race Pace training will have the greatest relevance for singular competitive swimming performances at all levels. For example, slow kicking does not train anything related to racing but would be a great recovery activity. Training that is not race pace (irrelevant training) has one use, recovery activities between and after race pace sets
Ultrashort Training at Race Pace.
- Please plan short rest intervals as work intervals that are too long result in the accumulation of lactic acid.
- Consistent ultra-short training at race pace produces race pace performances that sustain fast twitch fiber use with greater amounts of oxygen thus increasing aerobic conditioning. This extends the ability to sustain a swimming velocity with good mechanical function as long as the athlete maintains desired speeds.
- The athlete will improve the most with race pace/ high-intensity speed which enables all necessary energy systems with the proper neuromuscular patterns.
Specific Race Pace Training
The best way to help a swimmer who is plateauing is to increase high intensity (race pace) training. Usually, a swimmer in this situation has years of swimming at slower speeds. They are in really great shape from all the unnecessary overtraining. You can’t swim a meet at race pace if you don’t train at race pace. This applies to all athletes and their training as this improves both aerobic and anaerobic factors.
What to consider while planning sets:
- Make sure all swimmers understand the speed (race pace/goal time) you are asking them to swim.
- Keep your rest intervals: 10-:30 seconds. “One reason short intervals “work” is that when a high-intensity repetition is completed, the aerobic system continues to function fully paying back any accumulate oxygen debt developed in the repetition. If the next repetition commences before the aerobic system begins to abate, the demand on the cardiorespiratory system is continuous although the exercise is intermittent. For the whole set, the aerobic system works maximally just as it would in a race. If the rest period is too long, the aerobic demand in the rest period decreases.”
- Race pace sets can last an hour. Distances will increase as swimmers improve. For example,20 x 25’s on :40 alternating 2 x 25’s holding 100 race pace for the first 50, then 2 x 25’s holding race pace for the second 50.2:00 min rest20 x 25’s on :30 as aboveRepeat as needed, adjust send off’s as needed. Swimmers have to swim at race pace always
- The Faster Swimming 23 week and 14 week programs are designed to decrease the rest intervals for race pace while increasing the distances of race pace repeats over the course of the season.
We as coaches really need to incorporate race pace(high intensity) training and understanding of the concepts mentioned in this article. Please do your research and experiences to develop your swimmers!
All feedback is welcome.
This article is created from the readings of: Swimming Science Bulletin Number 39Produced, edited and copyrighted by Professor Emeritus Brent S. Rushall, San Diego State UniversitySwimming Energy Training in the 21st Century: The Justification For Radical ChangesBrent S. Rushall, Ph.D.,R.Psy